This course provides physical therapy professionals with a thorough overview of current approaches in hip and knee arthroplasty and the factors involved with managing these patients. The course examines relevant anatomy and pathophysiology, presents current concepts and recent advancements in joint replacement practice, and describes the main surgical approaches used. Prognosis and complications for the post-arthroplasty patient are presented. Traditional and rapid-recovery therapy intervention parameters are discussed, with the aim of maximizing the patient’s functional outcomes. Therapist Tips and case study discussions help focus the clinician’s application of the material. This course will be immediately useful in clinical practice for therapists and therapy assistants who work with hip and knee replacement patients at any stage of their recovery.