Course one provides learners with an overview of the latest advances in the diagnosis and treatment of posterior canal BPPV. This course is pertinent to physical therapists and occupational therapists across any setting that treat persons with balance and vestibular disorders. Children also can develop BPPV, although it is most seen associated with either migraine or head trauma after the age of six. Morphology of the otoconia will be described in humans. In addition, an overview will be provided of the evidence and “clinical pearls” related to the treatment of persons with posterior canal BPPV. The learner will be exposed to the emerging evidence related to BPPV plus the recent clinical practice guideline recommendations for posterior canal BPPV.